Tips for using Browse:

Browsing is a valuable way to learn about birds, however it is a brute force approach and not designed for identification. A more sophisticated approach to finding a bird with specific field marks is to use the Step by Step Search. You can also try the Wizard to find a bird, which uses a question and answer approach, but again it does not give you the flexibility of the Step by Step Search.

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Lilac-crowned Parrot
Lilac-crowned Parrot: Medium green parrot, pale purple crown, red forehead. In flight shows blue-black trim on flight feathers and large red patch on secondaries. Hooked bill is dull yellow. Legs, feet are blue-gray. Feeds on fruits and seeds. Native to pacific coastal Mexico. AKA Finsch's Amazon.
Orange-winged Parrot
Orange-winged Parrot: Medium green parrot, yellow head, broad blue eyebrow. Small red-orange patch in secondary feathers while perched and in flight. Green tail has yellow to orange base in outer feathers. Hooked bill is dull yellow with a dark tip. Legs and feet are gray.
Yellow-headed Parrot
Yellow-headed Parrot: Large green parrot with yellow head. Flight feathers all tipped blue-black, patch of red on secondary feathers and at bend in wing. Curved yellow beak, gray legs and feet. Feeds on fruits, seeds, and buds. Classified as an Endangered Species owing to rapid population decline.
Hook-billed Kite
Hook-billed Kite: Unusual tropical kite with long paddle-shaped wings. Sluggish, retiring kite that generally remains concealed within foliage of trees. Occurs in two morphs, gray and black, which is very rare to Texas. Underparts and underwings are heavily barred. Tail is banded. Yellow legs, feet.
Elegant Trogon
Elegant Trogon: Iridescent green upperparts and breast. Red undertail and belly, separated from green breast by a white band, long iridescent copper green, square tail tipped in black. White undertail with black streaks. Often seen perching upright. Slow undulating flight, can be rapid when needed.
Bananaquit
Bananaquit: Small and short-tailed with short, decurved black bill. Bahamensis is gray-black above with white throat and yellow belly with bold white stripe over eyes. Rump is yellow. Legs and feet are black. Martinique has dark throat. Weak fluttering flight, alternates rapid wing beats with brief periods of wings pulled to sides.
Eurasian Curlew
Eurasian Curlew: Large curlew, strongly marked underparts lack rich orange or buff tones that other long billed curlews often show. Brown upperparts. Large, decurved bill, black upper mandible, lower mandible has pink base. In flight it shows prominent white lower back, rump, and underwing linings.
Red-masked Parakeet
Red-masked Parakeet: This fairly large green parakeet has bright red on the head, at the bend in the wing and on the thighs. It has a white eye ring, pink-beige hooked bill and gray legs and feet. It feeds on seeds and fruit. Fast direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar. Considered threatened in its native range of Ecuador and Peru. AKA Red-masked Conure, Cherry-headed Conure.
Slate-throated Redstart
Slate-throated Redstart: Medium warbler with slate-gray upperparts, black face, throat, red breast, belly, and chestnut-brown crown. The tail is slate-gray with white edges and the wings are black. Insects make up most of its diet caught on the wing and it also forages on the ground.
Whiskered Auklet
Whiskered Auklet: Small seabird, mostly dark slate-gray with three thin, white whiskers on each side of face, long, thin, forward-curling black crest on forehead, and small, yellow-tipped bright orange bill. Eyes are white. Feeds on marine worms, small crustaceans, mollusks.
Common Redshank
Common Redshank: Large sandpiper, scaled black and brown upperparts, dark-streaked neck and breast, white eye-ring broken in front, pale belly and sides with dark chevrons. Dark wings with white trailing edges visible in flight. Legs are orange-red. Short bill is red with black tip.
Inca Dove
Inca Dove: Small dove with scaled, pale gray-brown upperparts, white throat, and scaled, pale buff (often with pink wash) underparts. The tail is long and squared with a black-bordered gray center and edged in white. Black bill, pink legs and feet. Direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Gambel's Quail
Gambel's Quail: This medium-sized quail has gray upperparts and breast, scaled gray nape, black belly patch, head and plume, white-bordered black face, cinnamon-brown crown, buff underparts, and flanks streaked chestnut-brown and white. The females have a gray head and face and lack the black belly patch. Diet includes seeds and fruits. It alternates several stiff wing beats with short glides.
Zenaida Dove
Zenaida Dove: Medium dove with brown-gray upperparts, red-gray underparts, cinnamon-gray head and neck, dark violet-blue streaks above and below ear coverts, purple sides of neck, white trailing edge on outer secondaries, and black spots on wings. Fast low flight with rapid wing beats.
White-crowned Pigeon
White-crowned Pigeon: Large dove, slate-gray overall with conspicuous white crown. Scaled nape is iridescent green when seen in good light. Iris is white.Yellow bill has red base. Legs and feet are red. Eats berries, seeds and insects. Swift direct flight with strong rapid wing beats.
Yellow-footed Gull
Yellow-footed Gull: Large, dark-backed, white gull with distinctive yellow legs. Bulbous bill is yellow, red spot near tip of lower mandible. Upper wings are dark gray with white spots near tips, white trailing edges. Strong, direct flight with deep, steady wing beats. Rides thermals and updrafts.
Red-legged Kittiwake
Red-legged Kittiwake: Small Alaskan gull white overall with gray back and wings, small yellow bill and bright red legs. Black wingtips. Eats small fish, squid, and marine zooplankton. Graceful, bouyant flight with rapid, shallow wing beats. Hovers briefly above prey before dipping down to sieze it.
Pin-tailed Snipe
Pin-tailed Snipe: Large, chunky, cryptically colored shorebird. Upperparts complexly mottled tan, brown, and black. Tail rufous. Long gray-green bill, dark brown tip. Legs, feet are gray-green. Feeds on insects, larvae, worms, seeds. Flushes in a zigzag pattern. Direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Yellow-legged Gull
Yellow-legged Gull: Large white gull, medium gray upperparts and red spot on bright yellow bill; legs and feet are yellow. Tail is white. Wades or makes shallow dives to catch food, steals, scavenges. Strong, direct flight with deep, steady wing beats. Rides thermals and updrafts, sometimes hovers.
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel: This is a black-brown storm-petrel with gray-brown wing bars and a conspicuous white band across the rump and large, slightly notched tail. It has a black bill, legs and feet. It has a buoyant, zigzag flight, alternating several rapid wing beats. It feeds on invertebrates, small vertebrates and sometimes carrion from the water's surface. The sexes are similar.
Scaled Quail
Scaled Quail: Large quail AKA "cottontop," due to its white-tipped gray crest; nape, neck underparts have dark-edged gray and buff feathers creating a distinctly scaled look. Upperparts are plain gray with white stripe at base of wings; sides are gray with short white stripes. Pale brown legs, feet.
Crescent-chested Warbler
Crescent-chested Warbler: Small warbler, gray to blue-gray head, wings, tail. Yellow-green back, breast, throat are yellow with a rufous-brown spot or crescent on upper breast; belly and sides are white to gray. Head has white eyebrows that widen towards nape and partial lower eye-ring.
Little Egret
Little Egret: Medium-sized, all white egret with plumes on head, breast, and back. Legs are black with yellow feet. Black bill, and yellow lores. Nonbreeding adult lacks head and back plumes, has gray lores, and shows yellow on lower legs. Difficult to distinguish from Snowy Egret. Flight is direct.
Great Black-backed Gull
Great Black-backed Gull: World's largest gull. White head, black upperparts, white underparts, large yellow bill with red spot on lower mandible, pale-eyed with red orbital ring, pink legs, feet. Flight is direct and powerful with deep, slow wing beats. Soars on thermals or updrafts.
Black-tailed Gull
Black-tailed Gull: Large gull with white head, neck, breast, and underparts; light charcoal-gray wings and back; large yellow bill with black ring above red tip; pale yellow eyes with red orbital ring; short yellow legs and feet; long wings; telltale short black tail with white edge.
Mute Swan
Mute Swan: Aggressive bird, entirely white, orange bill with large black basal knob and naked black lores. Curved neck is often stained with pigments from iron or algae. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on aquatic plants collected from bottom. Direct flight with strong steady wing beats.
Kelp Gull
Kelp Gull: Large, stocky gull with white head, underparts, tail. Black back and upperwing with white trailing edge and one distinctive white spot on outer primary tip. Bill is yellow with a red spot near tip; eyes are yellow-gray with red orbital rings; legs and feet are yellow-green.
Ivory Gull
Ivory Gull: A pure white gull whose entire life is restricted to the edge of the floating pack ice. Legs dark, bill dusky with yellow tip. It eats fish, insects, lemmings and crustaceans, and is also an active scavenger. Bouyant, graceful flight. Often flies with feet trailing and dangling below.
Great Skua
Great Skua: Large, heavy-bodied seabird, prominent white patch in primary feathers. Body color ranges from a light bleached to dark brown, all have a cinammon wash that makes the bird look red-tinged. Strong direct flight with constant shallow wingbeats. Hugs wave contours or flies up to 150 feet. Great Skua was split into Great Skua and Brown Skua (not in North American range) by the American Ornithologist Union.
Slaty-backed Gull
Slaty-backed Gull: This large gull has a slate-gray back, white head, belly, tail, and upper wings; dark outer primaries separated from mantle by row of white spots. Gray underside of primaries; broad white trailing edge to wings. It has pink legs and feet, yellow eyes with red orbital ring and a yellow bill with red spot near tip. Diet includes fish, crustaceans and insects. Sexes are similar.
Common Greenshank
Common Greenshank: Large sandpiper with scaled gray-brown upperparts, white rump, and white underparts, streaked and spotted with brown on flanks and sides. Yellow-green legs. Bill is slightly upturned. Eats small fish, insects and larvae. Swift direct flight with clipped wing beats.
Black-vented Shearwater
Black-vented Shearwater: Medium shearwater, brown-black upperparts, white underparts, brown mottling on sides of breast and flanks. Tail is dark. Eats fish, crustaceans, and squid. Quick low flight with short stiff wingbeats followed by glide. Soars in high winds.
Eastern Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird: Large flycatcher, blue-black back, wings, black tail with white terminal band, white underparts. Head is black, has inconspicuous red crown feathers visible when bird is displaying. Black bill, legs, feet. Fluttering stiff-winged direct flight with shallow wing beats.
Hepatic Tanager
Hepatic Tanager: Large tanager, dark to orange-red overall, gray wash on back and flanks. Gray-red cheek patch. Heavy, dark bill is slightly hooked. Legs and feet are gray. Forages in upper foliage of trees, sometimes catches insects in midair. Swift direct flight on rapid wing beats.
Northern Fulmar
Northern Fulmar Light Morph: This large gull-like bird has gray upperparts and white underparts, head, neck, and tail. Dark morph has uniformly dark gray body and paler primaries. It has a short, thick yellow bill with a tube on top. Feeds mainly on fish, squid and zoo plankton. Flight alternates stiff wing beats with periods of gliding and banking. Sexes are similar.
Least Storm-Petrel
Least Storm-Petrel: Small, very rare storm-petrel with dark black-brown body and short, wedge-shape tail. The wings have black wing tips and pale brown diagonal bars visible in flight. It is the smallest Pacific storm-petrel. Flight is swift and direct on deep wing beats. Often flies low over water.
Sooty Shearwater
Sooty Shearwater: This large bird has a dark gray-brown body, darkest on the tail and primaries. The under wing coverts are pale. The bill is long and dark, and the legs and feet are black. It eats fish, squid and crustaceans. Its long narrow wings are slightly swept-back. It alternates strong direct flapping with long glides. The sexes are similar.
Pink-footed Shearwater
Pink-footed Shearwater: Large shearwater, gray-brown upperparts, white underparts, mottled brown flanks and undertail coverts. Head is gray-brown and pink bill is tipped with black. Flight feathers are dark-bordered and underwing coverts are mottled gray. Alternates slow wing beats with low glides.
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker: Medium woodpecker, black-and-white mottled upperparts, white rump, yellow-washed white underparts. Red throat, black border. Red crown, black-and-white striped face, neck. Dark wings have white shoulder patch. Black tail has black-barred, white center stripe.
Orchard Oriole
Orchard Oriole: Small oriole, black head, back, tail, and chestnut-orange shoulder patches, underparts, rump. Wings are black with single broad white bar; flight feathers have white edges. Feeds on insects, fruits, berries, nectar and flowers. Swift direct flight on rapid wing beats.
Le Conte's Thrasher
Le Conte's Thrasher: Medium thrasher with plain gray or gray-brown body with paler throat and rufous undertail feathers. Eyes are dark. Bill is long, decurved, and black. Tail is long and dark. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on insects and their larvae, spiders, fruits and berries.
Eastern Whip-poor-will
Eastern Whip-poor-will: Medium-sized nightjar with gray-brown-black mottled upperparts and pale gray-black underparts. Throat is black; eyebrows and neckband are white. Tail is long and rounded with large white corner patches. Until recently, this bird and the Mexican Whip-poor-will were combined as the Whip-poor-will.
Hooded Oriole
Hooded Oriole: Medium oriole with bright orange-yellow head and nape, and black back, face, throat, and upper breast. Bill is slightly decurved. Black wings have two white bars. Tail is black. Forages in trees and bushes. Eats insects, caterpillars, and nectar. Strong direct flight.
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Eastern Wood-Pewee: Small flycatcher, gray-olive upperparts, pale gray underparts. Bill is dark except for yellow base of lower mandible. Wings are dark with two white bars. Black legs, feet. Feeds on insects, spiders and berries. Slow fluttering direct flight on shallow wing beats.
Scott's Oriole
Scott's Oriole: Medium-sized oriole with black hood extending onto breast and back. Belly and rump are bright yellow. The wings are black with yellow shoulder patches and two white bars. Tail is yellow with thick black tip and central line. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Bobolink
Bobolink: Small, lark-like blackbird, all-black except for buff nape, white rump, and white wing patches. Tertials and wing coverts are lined with buff. Tail feathers are sharply pointed. Legs and feet are gray. Eats caterpillars, insects, seeds and grains. Strong undulating flight.
Redwing
Redwing: Medium-sized thrush with brown upperparts, dark-spotted white underparts, and rufous flanks. Eyebrows are white and conspicuous. Bill is yellow with black tip. Deep rufous-orange underwing linings are visible in flight. Swift and strong direct flight on rapidly beating wings.
Bohemian Waxwing
Bohemian Waxwing: Large waxwing with gray upperparts, pink-gray crest, black mask and chin, and gray underparts. The wings are black with a sharp yellow or white line and red spots on secondaries (visible when folded). Tail is dark and yellow-tipped with cinnamon-brown undertail coverts.
Wilson's Snipe
Wilson's Snipe: This medium-sized sandpiper has brown and black mottled upperparts, buff striped back, white underparts, dark bars on sides and flanks, heavily streaked head, neck and breast, and yellow-green legs and feet. Feeds on insects and earthworms. Zigzag flight on takeoff, followed by direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Black Vulture
Black Vulture: Large raptor, black overall, short, featherless neck, pale bill, short and squared tail, long, pale gray legs and feet. Gray-black skin on head and neck is wrinkled. White-tipped wings, held horizontal in flight. Soars on thermals, must flap its wings more often than a Turkey Vulture.
White-throated Needletail
White-throated Needletail: Large swift, gray-brown overall with white throat and undertail. Wings are glossed with green. Tail is short and square, with protruding feather shafts giving a spiked appearance. Very swift flight with several rapid wing beats followed by swooping glides.
Plain-capped Starthroat
Plain-capped Starthroat: Medium-sized hummingbird with iridescent bronze-green upperparts and head, red throat, white face interrupted by black eyestripe, and pale gray underparts. Slightly notched tail is bronze-green with white-tipped black terminal band. Direct and hovering flight.
Mexican Violetear
Mexican Violetear: Medium hummingbird, dark metallic green (appearing black in low light) with blue-violet cheek and breast patches. Wings have black primaries. Squared tail is blue-green with black band. Slightly decurved bill is black. Direct, hovering flight with rapid wing beats. Formerly called the Green Violetear, it has had its name changed to Mexican Violetear and has also been split by the American Ornithologist Union in 2016 into the Mexican Violetear and Lesser Violetear (out of North American range).
Brown Thrasher
Brown Thrasher: Medium thrasher, rufous upperparts, black-streaked, pale brown underparts. Eyes are yellow. Brown-black bill curves down, lower mandible has pale base. Wings have two white and black bars. Tail is long and red-brown. Legs and feet are brown. Fast flight on shallow, rapid wing beats.
Great-winged Petrel
Great-winged Petrel: Large petrel with brown-black body except for pale gray forehead, face, chin, and throat. Bill is black and stout. The legs and feet are black. Feed on fish, squid and crustaceans. In New Zealand it is also known by its Maori name oi and as a muttonbird. AKA Grey-faced Petrel.
Streaked Shearwater
Streaked Shearwater: This large shearwater has scaled, dark gray-brown upperparts, white underparts, pale bill and white forehead. White head has variable light to heavy pale brown streaks. Upper tail coverts can be white, forming a pale horseshoe. Legs and feet are pink. Feeds on small fish and squid. Flies with loose angled wings. Light, graceful flapping and gliding. Sexes are similar.
Galapagos Petrel
Galapagos Petrel: Medium petrel with dark slate-gray upperparts and white underparts. Sides of neck and underwing margins are dark. Bill is relatively short, black, and hooked. Legs and feet are pink-brown. Tail is white and wedge-shaped. Feeds on suqid, crustaceans, and fish.
Stejneger's Petrel
Stejneger's Petrel: This small petrel has gray-brown upperparts, dark gray rump, white underparts, black head, nape and bill, white face, gray-brown upperwing and black greater coverts. Outer primaries form an M shape across lower back. Blue-gray legs and feet and gray-brown, mottled white tail. Feeds on fish. Rapid erratic flight with fast wing beats followed by arcing glides. Sexes are similar.
Murphy's Petrel
Murphy's Petrel: This large petrel is overall gray or gray-brown with a pale throat. The under wings have pale bars, the legs and feet are pale, and the toes have black distal webbing. The bill is black, and it feeds on squid and crustaceans. It has a swift flight, alternating several rapid wing beats with long glides. It does not follow ships. The sexes are similar.
Mottled Petrel
Mottled Petrel: This medium-sized petrel is mostly gray with mottled white markings. It has a gray and white face and throat, and white upper breast and under tail. The wings have distinct black bars on white undersides. It feeds on small squid and fish. Alternates high soaring arcs and gliding with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Dark Morph: This large shearwater is dark brown overall with a black-tipped, dark gray bill. Tail is long and pointed in flight, extends past the pink legs and feet, and fans to wedge-shaped when banking turns or landing. Soars with slow flapping wing beats followed by upward glide. Diet typically includes fish and squid. Sexes are similar.
Black-browed Albatross
Black-browed Albatross: White head, neck, underparts, and black back, tail. Yellow bill with red tip, pale pink-gray legs and feet. Easily identified by black tail, stiff wing beats and long narrow pointed wings. Soars effortlessly for long periods of time, may circle and glide for long distances.
Palau Ground-Dove
Palau Ground-Dove: Small terrestrial dove with gray head and breast, and red-brown on back of crown and nape. Belly and vent are black-gray. Back and tail are brown-olive. Short, broad wings are brown-olive with purple shoulders. Black-brown eyes. Short, black-gray bill. Short, rectangular tail. Sexes and juvenile are similar.
Osprey (Palau)
Osprey (Palau): Large raptor with dark brown upperparts and contrasting white underparts; faint breast band, speckled brown necklace. Intensity varies based on sex and race, males usually less marked. Small white head has dark crown and eye stripe. Bill is dark. Wings are held at a distinct angle in flight; underwing shows barred flight feathers. Wings are fairly long and narrow; wing bends back at carpal joint, giving characteristic shallow V-shape. Legs and feet are gray. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has scaled upperparts, less marked breast band.
Oriental Reed-Warbler
Oriental Reed-Warbler: Small brown warbler with short crest, white-buff line above and in front of eye, white throat and breast, and white-buff on rest of underparts. Medium, gray-brown and brown-pink bill. Medium-length wings with brown-black flight feathers. Medium-length black-gray legs and feet. Sexes similar. Juvenile more red-brown.
Purple Swamphen
Purple Swamphen: Large, blue-purple rail with blue-black head, orange-red frontal shield, green-black back, and white vent. Large, deep, orange-red bill. Broad, black and purple-blue wings. Very short, black tail with white undertail. Long, red-pink legs and long toes. Sexes similar. Juvenile is duller overall with gray-black legs, feet, and bill.
Balsas Screech-Owl
Balsas Screech-Owl: Small but hefty owl with mottled brown-gray upperparts, some white markings in wings, fine streaks and barring on underparts. Brown-tan facial disk with prominent dark rim. Small ear tufts. Brown eyes, bill is olive-green. Short, rounded wings and tail are barred.
Whimbrel (Palau)
Whimbrel (Palau): This large long-legged sandpiper has brown and white mottled upperparts and buff underparts with faint streaks on sides and flanks. It has a white-striped black crown. Neck is long and streaked; long black decurved bill, blue-gray legs and feet. Tail is brown and black barred, rump and lower back is white. Diet includes insects and worms. Direct flight with strong fast wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Red-kneed Dotterel
Red-kneed Dotterel: Small to medium plover. Black head, white throat, black breast and upper flanks grade into chestnut on lower flanks. Rest of underparts white. Bronze-brown back and wings. Medium, red-pink bill with black tip. Long legs, upper part pink-red, lower part black-gray. Sexes similar, juvenile like adult but brown on head and breast.
Marsh Sandpiper
Marsh Sandpiper: Slender, medium-sized wader. Brown-gray wings and upper back with black mottling. Lower back white, and tail is white with black barring. Head and neck white and pale gray with black streaking. White underparts with black speckles on breast and flanks. Straight, thin black bill, and yellow-green legs.
Gray-faced Buzzard
Gray-faced Buzzard: Medium hawk with rufous in long wings, gray head, black malar, stripe and white throat. Brown above, red-brown breast, and bars on white belly. Long, gray-brown tail with black bands. Female larger than male. Juvenile brown above, white eyebrow, lacks rufous in wing, more uniform tail, brown streaks on white underparts.
Gray Heron
Gray Heron: Large wading bird, upperparts are pale gray to blue-gray, underparts are white. Large flight feathers are dark gray-blue. Head is white with a large blue-black eyebrow and long black crest. White neck and breast have black mottling along sides. Yellow legs and bill turn reddish during the breeding season.
Chinese Sparrowhawk
Chinese Sparrowhawk: Small slate-gray hawk. Orange-brown breast and barring on lower breast, and white belly and vent. Medium wings with black primaries. Fairly long tail white below, some black barring. Female like male but more barring and darker breast. Juvenile brown-gray above, white below with gray-brown mottling on breast, barring on belly.
Greater Sand-Plover
Greater Sand-Plover: Small plover, black bill and mask. White front, throat, belly, vent. Gray-brown above, orange-brown nape and breast. White stripe on long wings. Medium tail, black-gray tip. Female, winter male lack orange-brown and black on head, white below, on front, buff nape and behind eye. Juvenile like female but buff scaling on back.
Malayan Night-Heron
Malayan Night-Heron: Small, stocky heron with elongated black crest, red-brown head and neck, brown back and wings. White to gray-white throat, gray underparts, and thick brown streaks on throat. Short black bill with blue-gray base. Broad wings with thick black stripe. Sexes similar. Juvenile has yellow on bill and black and white spotting on head, neck, and back.
Little Egret (Palau)
Little Egret (Palau): Medium-sized, all white egret with plumes on head, breast, and back, black legs with yellow feet, black bill, and yellow lores. Sexes are similar. Nonbreeding adult lacks head and back plumes, has gray lores, and shows yellow on lower legs. Juvenile resembles nonbreeding adult but lacks breast plumes and has mostly black legs. Difficult to distinguish from Snowy Egret.
Japanese Night-Heron
Japanese Night-Heron: Small, stocky heron with red-brown head and neck, yellow-olive around eye, brown back and wings, white throat, gray underparts, thick brown streaks on throat and underparts. Short dark bill with yellow-olive base. Broad wings with thick black stripe. Sexes similar. Juvenile is similar to adult with more brown on head and neck..
Striped Owl
Striped Owl: Medium sized, slender owl, mottled brown and buff upperparts, white and buff underparts with black streaks. White facial disk with black outline. Long ear tufts. Eyes yellow-brown. Long wings. Bare, yellow feet.
Spectacled Owl
Spectacled Owl: Large owl, black-brown upperparts and breast, white throat, rest of underparts buff. Small black-brown facial disk with white outline near bill and eyes. No ear tufts. Eyes yellow. Broad, rounded wings, barred tail.
Pacific Screech-Owl
Pacific Screech-Owl: Small owl with mottled brown-gray upperparts, some white markings in wings, fine streaks on white underparts. Gray-buff facial disk, small ear tufts. Yellow eyes, bill olive-yellow. Short, rounded wings and tail are barred.
Stygian Owl
Stygian Owl: Large, slender owl, black-gray mottled upperparts, underparts mostly white with black streaks and bars. Black-gray facial disk, white below bill and on front. Long ear tufts. Eyes yellow, bill black-gray. Long wings, bare, gray feet.
Vermiculated Screech-Owl
Vermiculated Screech-Owl: Small owl with fine mottled gray-brown or red-brown upperparts, and fine streaks and mottling on gray-brown or red-brown underparts. Facial disk mottled gray-brown with limited, narrow black rim. Ear tufts small. Eyes yellow and bill olive-gray.
Unspotted Saw-whet Owl
Unspotted Saw-whet Owl: Small owl, brown upperparts and breast, rest of underparts buff. Mottled gray-brown facial disk, white between and just above eyes, narrow, mottled white outline. No ear tufts, eyes yellow or brown, black bill. Feathered buff-gray toes.
Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl
Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Very small owl, brown upperparts. Brown streaks on white underparts. Mottled tan facial disk, short white eyebrows, no ear tufts. Eyes yellow. Short, rounded wings, black-gray tail with buff barring.
Mottled Owl
Mottled Owl: Medium sized owl, brown mottling on upperparts, underparts buff with brown streaks and some barring. Mottled gray-brown facial disk with mottled white outline, no ear tufts. Eyes brown, bill buff or yellow, barred tail. Bare, buff feet. Sexes are similar.
Central American Pygmy-Owl
Central American Pygmy-Owl: Very small owl, red-brown upperparts, brown-gray on head. Red-brown on sides of breast, red-brown streaks on white underparts. Mottled gray and white facial disk, short white eyebrows, no ear tufts. Eyes yellow, bill yellow-buff. Short, rounded wings, black-gray tail with three white bars.
Black-and-White Owl
Black-and-White Owl: Large owl with black-gray upperparts, fine black and white barring on underparts. Black facial disk with mottled white rim. No ear tufts. Eyes are black-brown, bill, and feet. Long, rounded wings, barred tail.
Bearded Screech-Owl
Bearded Screech-Owl: Small owl with mottled brown and buff upperparts, some white spots in wings, course streaks and barring on white underparts. Mottled brown-tan facial disk with indistinct dark rim. No ear tufts. Yellow eyes, bill is olive-gray. Rounded wings and tail are barred.
Cape Pygmy-Owl
Cape Pygmy-Owl: Very small owl, mottled brown upperparts, buff spots on head, brown streaks on white underparts. Mottled brown facial disk. No ear tufts. Yellow eyes, yellow-buff bill, gray feet. Short, rounded wings, barred tail.
Fulvous Owl
Fulvous Owl: Large owl with brown mottling on upperparts, most of underparts buff with brown streaks. Gray-buff facial disk, no ear tufts. Eyes black-brown, bill yellow, barred tail. Bare, yellow feet. Sexes are similar.
Crested Owl
Crested Owl: Medium to large owl, fine mottling on brown upperparts and on tan-brown or gray-brown underparts. Red-brown facial disk, very long white ear tufts. Eyes and bill are yellow. Long, broad, rounded wings, plain tail.
Colima Pygmy-Owl
Colima (Least) Pygmy-Owl: Very small owl, brown upperparts. Brown on sides of breast, brown streaks on white underparts. Mottled tan facial disk, short white eyebrows, no ear tufts. Eyes yellow, bill yellow-buff. Short, rounded wings, black-gray tail with buff barring.
Cattle Egret (Palau)
Cattle Egret (Palau): Small, short-necked and stocky egret with white body and pale orange-brown patches on head, neck and back. Sexes are similar. Breeding plumes are slightly shorter on the female. Breeding birds' legs are yellow-green and irises are dark yellow. During peak breeding season, bill, legs and irises turn a bright red. Winter adult and juvenile are white and with dull yellow-orange eyes and bill, legs are green-black. Races separated by the amount and intensity of the orange-brown patches.
White-chinned Petrel
White-chinned Petrel: Medium to large seabird with overall black or dark brown plumage. It has a chalky white bill, black legs and feet, and a medium length tail. It often shows a silvery patch on the base of the primaries of its long wings. Flight is powerful with slow wing beats and long glides.
Parkinson's Petrel
Parkinson's Petrel: Medium to large seabird with overall black or dark brown plumage. It has a yellow-white bill with a black tip, black legs and feet, and a medium length tail. Has powerful flight with slow flapping followed by long glides on long wings.
Mexican Whip-poor-will
Mexican Whip-poor-will: Medium-sized nightjar with brown-gray-black mottled upperparts and pale gray-brown underparts. Throat is black; eyebrows and neckband are white. Tail is long and rounded with white corner patches. Until recently, this bird and the Eastern Whip-poor-will were combined as the Whip-poor-will.
Hawaiian Coot
Hawaiian Coot: This medium-sized, chicken-like waterbird has dark gray and black plumage, a short white bill, big frontal shield, and under tail coverts. The toes are lobed, not webbed, and the eyes are red. It feeds on seeds, aquatic leaves, invertebrates and tadpoles. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats, feet protruding past the tail. The sexes are similar.
Hawaiian Owl
Hawaiian Owl: This medium-sized owl has both light and dark brown mottled upperparts, dark-streaked, pale buff underparts, large round head with pale buff facial disk with fine brown tinges, black around eyes, small ear tufts, yellow eyes, and black bill. Feeds mostly on rodents and mongoose. The flight is erratic with flopping wing beats. Sexes are similar. Subspecies of the Short-eared Owl.
Hawaiian Petrel
Hawaiian Petrel: This medium-sized, tube-nosed seabird has a white front and cheeks, black upperparts and white underparts. It has a square, medium-length tail and long pointed wings. The diet includes mostly squid, but it also takes fish and crustaceans. It has an erratic, arching and diving flight. The males are slightly larger than the females.
Rosy-faced Lovebird
Rosy-faced Lovebird: Small green parrot with red front, pink throat and breast, and blue rump and tail. Has a narrow, white eyering, pale yellow bill, and gray legs and feet. Has pointed wings and short, square tail. Sexes similar. Juvenile duller overall. Fast, direct flight.
Laysan Duck
Laysan Duck: Also called Laysan Teal and endemic to Laysan Island, is brown with patches of white feathers around eye, green-glossed head and neck with variable white feathers. Speculum may appear green, purple, or blue. Dark gray bill with variable black markings. Dull orange legs and feet.
Tropical Parula
Tropical Parula: Small warbler with blue-gray upperparts, black mask, yellow chin, throat, breast, and upper belly with a diffused orange breast band, white lower belly, undertail coverts. Blue-gray wings have white bars. Lack of a white eye ring and dark mask set it apart from the Northern Parula.
Hawfinch
Hawfinch: Stocky finch with a huge blue-gray conical bill that turns yellow in winter. Yellow-buff head, black chin, throat and mask, pink-buff underparts, dark red- brown upperparts, gray neck and white tipped brown tail. Eats large tree seeds, also eats fruits and insects. Swift bounding flight.
Eared Quetzal
Eared Quetzal: Large, small headed with long, broad tail. Black head, black-green back and breast. Black-blue tail is white underneath. Bright red belly and dark bill. The name "quetzal" is from an Aztec word, quetzalli, which translates to "large brilliant tail feather." AKA Eared Trogon.
White-faced Storm-Petrel
White-faced Storm-Petrel: The only Atlantic storm-petrel with the combination of dark gray upperparts and white underparts with a dark cap and eyeline. Long black legs trail behind squared tail in flight. Webbing between toes is yellow. Alternates rapid, shallow wing beats with stiff-winged glides.
Chinese Egret
Chinese Egret: Population is seriously declining due to competition for living space with humans and other egrets. White overall with shaggy crest, blue-green lores, orange-yellow bill, and black legs with yellow feet. Has been seen feeding on mudflats and tidal flats with other egrets and herons.
Western Reef-Heron
Western Reef-Heron: This Old World species is exclusively coastal. There is a dark (shown here) and light morph. Dark morph is slate gray overall with white chin and throat. Legs are black with yellow feet. The light morph is white overall with two long narrow plumes on the back of the crown.
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird: Medium size, bicolored hummingbird with bronze green upperparts and cinnamon colored underparts. The tail is square, rufous with gold-green edging. This promiscuous bird attracts a female by flying back and forth like a swing. Both sexes are protective of feeding territories.
Giant White-eye
Giant White-eye: Small, olive, warbler-like bird with an indistinct yellow eyering, and olive-gray on the face. Large, sharp, very slightly decurved orange-yellow bill. Medium wings. Short to medium, square-tipped tail. Sexes and juvenile similar.
Pacific Reef-Heron
Pacific Reef-Heron: Medium-sized heron with two color morphs; one all white, the other black-gray with white on the throat. Straight, pointed, gray-pink and yellow bill. Legs gray-green and green-yellow. Sexes similar, juvenile dark morph has black-brown blotches, no white on throat. Juvenile white morph has some gray in plumage.
Micronesian Myzomela
Micronesian Myzomela: Small, deep red honeyeater with black belly, vent, wings, and tail. Bit of black around eye and on lores. Medium, black, sharp, downcurved bill. Medium-length, notched tail. Medium black-gray legs and feet. Female and juvenile like male but duller red plumage. more brown on belly, and more brown-black wings and tail.
Dollarbird
Dollarbird: Medium, blue-green roller with purple-blue throat, large, brown-olive head, and wide, orange-red bill. Long, pointed wings have purple-black flight feathers and white-blue patch on base of the primaries. Medium-length, purple-black, rectangular tail. Short orange-red legs and feet. Female and juvenile like male but duller.
Brush Cuckoo
Brush Cuckoo: Small cuckoo gray-brown above, gray head, and gray or buff underparts. Fairly long, pointed wings, and long tail black below with white spots. Female like male but paler below with faint barring on breast, or has gray-brown streaks and bars above, and black brown barring below. Juvenile has black brown barring above and below.
Black-faced Spoonbill
Black-faced Spoonbill: Large, mostly white wading bird with wispy crest, black tips to wings, yellow spot in front of eye, and black face, front, and throat. Breeding birds have buff on breast and longer crest. Long, black bill with wide, spoon-shaped tip. Short, square-shaped tail. Sexes similar. Juvenile like adult but has pink-brown bill.
Yellow Bittern
Yellow Bittern: Small heron with red-brown upperparts, black-gray crown, yellow-brown on sides of neck and shoulder of wing, and white underparts with yellow-brown streaks on throat. Fairly long, brown-yellow bill, black-gray on culmen. Long, broad wings with black flight feathers. Female and juvenile have streaked crown, neck, throat, and wings.
Rufous Night-Heron
Rufous Night-Heron: Medium, stocky heron with black cap. Nape, back, wings, and tail are red-brown, paler red-brown on sides of neck and breast. Throat, flanks, belly, and vent are brown-gray. Medium-length, sharp, black bill with olive-gray base. Sexes similar. Juvenile gray-brown with white streaks, some spots on wings, more yellow on bill.
Blue Rock Thrush
Blue Rock Thrush: Small to medium, slate-blue thrush with chestnut belly and vent, and long wings with black-gray primaries. Medium length tail. Female is dark gray-brown above, buff-brown below with black-brown barring on underparts, black-brown scaling on breast and face, and buff eyering. Juvenile is like female but has more scaling.
Guadalupe Murrelet
Guadalupe Murrelet: Medium-sized Murrelet with black upperparts and white face, throat, underparts, and underwing coverts. Bill is dark and thin. Eyes are brown with broken white eye-rings. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on small crustaceans and fish. Swift direct low flight with rapid wing beats. Formerly the Dark-rumped Petrel. Name changed in 2014 by the American Ornithologist Union.
Hawaiian Stilt
Hawaiian Stilt: This large water bird is a subspecies of the Black-necked Stilt. It is black above and white below with a white forehead. It has red eyes, a straight black bill, long pink legs, and sometimes a narrow dark terminal tail band. Feeds on worms, aquatic insects, fish and mollusks. Swift direct flight with shallow wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Micronesian Imperial-Pigeon
Micronesian Imperial-Pigeon: Large pigeon with gray-white head, neck, and breast. Green-black back, wings, and tail. Chestnut lower belly and vent. Long, rounded wings. Medium black bill with small black knob. Fairly long, rectangular tail. Medium pink-red legs and feet. Female and juvenile like male but darker with brown-black knob on bill.
Palau Owl
Palau Owl: Small to medium-sized red-brown owl with gray-white and black spots on back, wings, and underparts. Gray-white above and between eyes, and on edge of face. Round head with red-brown eyes, and white-yellow bill. Female slightly larger and darker than male, Juvenile is uniform white-brown with black-brown wings.
Palau Fruit-Dove
Palau Fruit-Dove: Small dove, gray head, neck, breast, and thighs, purple on front of crown, and purple speckles on breast. Orange belly, white-yellow on lower belly, and purple vent. Gray-green back, blue-green wings, and blue-green tail with white-yellow tip. Sexes similar. Juvenile mostly gray-green with some yellow edging to feathers in wings.
Palau Megapode
Palau Megapode: Medium-sized, brown-black megapode with a small, pointed crest, gray crown and nape, and small patch of bare red skin on throat. Short, broad wings. Rather short, yellow bill. Very short tail. Strong, medium-length yellow legs and feet with some black-gray on the feet. Sexes similar, juvenile like adult.
Tricolored Blackbird
Tricolored Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird that is mostly black with a glossy blue tint overall. Shoulder patches are bright red and bordered with white. Lives in flocks year round.Feeds on insects, spiders, caterpillars, and seeds from weeds and grains. Strong direct flight on rapid wing beats.
Western Bluebird
Western Bluebird: Small thrush with deep blue hood and upperparts, crescent mark across upper back, red-brown breast, and white belly. Bill, legs and feet are black. Populations are declining due to competition for nest sites with European Starlings, Tree Swallows and House Sparrows.
California Gull
California Gull: This is a medium-sized gull with a white head and underparts, gray wings and black wing tips. The bill and legs are yellow, and it has a red eyering. It has a strong direct flight with deep wing beats. It feeds on worms, mice, other birds and their eggs, and garbage. The sexes are similar, but the males are usually larger than females, with a larger bill, head and tarsi.
Glaucous Gull
Glaucous Gull: This large white gull has a pale gray back and yellow eyes. The bill is yellow with a red spot on the lower mandible. The wings are white-edged and white tipped; the legs and feet are pink. It is an active predator of seabird nesting colonies. Diet includes fish, insects and birds. It has slow steady wing beats and soars on thermals and updrafts. The sexes are similar.
Warbling Vireo
Warbling Vireo: Small vireo, gray to olive-gray upperparts, white underparts; sides sometimes washed with yellow. Eyes are dark brown, have thick, white eyebrows and faint, dark eye-lines. Gray wings and tail. Legs and feet are blue-gray. Has the largest breeding range of any North American vireo.
Common Murre
Common Murre: Medium seabird with brown-black upperparts, throat, white underparts, and long dark bill. Tail is short. Some Atlantic birds have a narrow white eye-ring and stripe extending past the eye. Can dive to depths of more than 240 feet. Feeds on fish and invertebrates. AKA Common Guillemot.
European Starling
European Starling: Small, chunky, iridescent purple and green blackbird with long, pointed yellow bill, pink legs, and short tail. The feathers on back and undertail show buff edges. Feeds in open areas, normally on the ground. Strong, direct and swift flight on rapidly beating wings.
Cedar Waxwing
Cedar Waxwing: Small waxwing, red-brown upperparts, pale slate-gray rump, buff underparts. Head is crested, has black mask with narrow white band below. Yellow-tipped tail, white undertail coverts. Wings have red wax-like tips on secondaries from which it gets its name. Black bill, legs and feet.
Red-breasted Merganser
Red-breasted Merganser: This medium-sized diving duck has black upperparts, gray sides, rust-brown breast, white belly, green head, double crests and neck, and white neck ring. The long thin bill, legs and feet are bright orange. Females are brown-gray with gray-washed, red-brown head, double crest and white breast and belly. Feeds mostly on small fish. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Lesser Scaup
Lesser Scaup: Medium-sized diving duck has finely barred gray back and gray-washed white underparts. Head, neck and breast are black with purple gloss. It has yellow eyes, blue-gray bill, black tail and black wings with white patches. Females are chocolate brown with lighter sides, red-brown head and white patch at base of dark gray bill. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, small fish, seeds and vegetative plants. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.
California Quail
California Quail: This medium-sized quail has a curled black head plume, white-bordered black throat, gray breast, sharply scaled belly, brown flanks with white streaks, olive brown back, gray legs and feet. Female has a gray throat with a black streak. Feeds on seeds, plants and insects. Alternates rapid wing beats with short glides.
White-faced Ibis
White-faced Ibis: This medium-sized wading bird is iridescent bronze-brown overall and has a thin band of white feathers around its bare red face, a long, down curved bill, and red eyes, legs and feet. It feeds on invertebrates, frogs and fish. It alternates several shallow rapid wing beats and short glides, and flies in a straight line formation. Sexes are similar.
Surf Scoter
Surf Scoter: This medium-sized diving duck is entirely black except for white patches on the forehead and nape. It has an orange, black and white bill, white eyes and orange legs and feet. The female is less distinctly marked with smudgy face patches and dark bill. It dives for food, primarily mollusks and crustaceans. Rapid direct flight with strong wing beats. Flies in straight line formation.
Common Goldeneye
Common Goldeneye: Medium diving duck, white-striped black upperparts, white underparts. Head is iridescent green-black with white circular patch between yellow eyes and dark gray bill. Wings are dark with large white patches conspicuous in flight. Legs and feet are yellow. Swift, direct flight.
Bufflehead
Bufflehead: This small diving duck is mostly white with a glossy green-black to purple-black head and back. The head has a large white patch behind eye. The wings are dark with white patches visible in flight. It feeds on aquatic plant seeds, and insects, larvae and snails. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.
House Finch
House Finch: This medium-sized finch has brown-streaked back and wings, and brown-streaked white underparts. The head, throat and rump are typically pink-red; yellow to orange variants may occur. The tail is long and weakly notched. The female is brown-streaked overall. The bill is short and slightly decurved. Feeds mostly on seeds; takes some insects and fruits. It has a swift bounding flight.
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Northern Rough-winged Swallow: Small, stocky swallow, brown upperparts, paler underparts, pale brown throat. Tail is squared with white undertail coverts. Named for tiny hooks found on outer primary feathers. Swift, graceful flight, alternates several slow, deep wing beats with short or long glides.
Cliff Swallow
Cliff Swallow: Small, stocky swallow, dark blue-gray upperparts, pale orange-brown rump, buff underparts. Forehead is white or buff while throat, sides of face are orange-brown. Crown is blue-black, bill is short and black. Tail is dark and squared. Legs and feet are gray. Catches insects in flight.
Lewis's Woodpecker
Lewis's Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker with dark green-black upperparts and hood. Face is dark red, collar is gray, belly is pale red. The bill, legs and feet are black. It was named for Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition. Its dark plumage sets it apart from all other North American woodpeckers.
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Rose-breasted Grosbeak: Large finch, black head, back, bright red breast, and white rump, sides, belly. The wings are black with white patches above and red, white, black below. Long, slightly notched black tail with white patches. Female has brown streaked upperparts, buff streaked underparts and yellow wing linings. Eats seeds, caterpillars, insects, tree flowers, fruits and berries.
Sanderling
Sanderling: This medium-sized sandpiper has dark-spotted, rufous upperparts and breast, white underparts and black bill, legs and feet. Wings have conspicuous white stripes visible in flight. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, isopods, worms, plants and insects. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.
American Avocet
American Avocet: Long-legged shorebird with long, thin, upcurved bill and distinctive black-and-white back and sides. Head and neck are bright rust-brown during summer. Legs and feet are gray. Feeds on insects, crustaceans, and invertebrates. Strong direct flight with neck extended.
Phainopepla
Phainopepla: Small, flycatcher-like bird with glossy black body. Head has distinct crest and short, thin, black bill. Wings have large white patches visible in flight. Tail is long. Iris is red. Legs and feet are black. Feeds primarily on mistlestoe berries and small insects. Direct flight is high and fluttery.
Hairy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker: Small woodpecker with black-and-white upperparts, white underparts. Head has red hindcrown patch. Face is white with black stripes.Tail is black with white outer tail feathers. Northwest birds have gray-brown breast, belly, and rump. Bill is long and black. Legs and feet are black.
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Olive-sided Flycatcher: Large, heavy-billed flycatcher with dark olive-brown upperparts, streaked olive-brown sides, and white underparts. Head has slight crest and faint white eye-ring. Wings are dark with two pale bars. Dark tail is relatively short, broad, and slightly notched. Black legs, feet.
Black Phoebe
Black Phoebe: Medium flycatcher, mostly black body and white belly. Outer tail feathers and undertail coverts are white. Bill, legs, feet are black. Feeds primarily on insects, sometimes small fish. Weak fluttering bouyant flight with shallow wing beats. Sallies from perch to catch insects in air.
Pigeon Guillemot
Pigeon Guillemot: Medium-sized seabird with black body and large white wing patches interrupted by black bars. Wings are paler below. Bill is black, pointed, and long. Legs and feet are bright red. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and marine worms. Strong swift direct flight low over water.
Pacific-slope Flycatcher
Pacific-slope Flycatcher: Small flycatcher, olive-brown upperparts, yellow throat and belly, olive-gray breast. Eye-ring is white and elongated. Wings are dark with two pale bars. Bill is long with dark upper mandible and bright yellow lower mandible. Weak fluttering flight on shallow wing beats.
Gila Woodpecker
Gila Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker, black-and-white barred upperparts and central tail feathers, buff-gray neck and underparts. Buff-gray head has a small red cap. Wings have large white patches visible in flight. Its abandoned nesting and roost holes provide shelter for birds, mammals and reptiles.
Downy Woodpecker
Downy Woodpecker: The smallest woodpecker in North America. Has a white back, black nape and black wings with white spotting. Underparts are white. Face is white with black stripes. Hindcrown patch is red. Tail is black with black-spotted or barred white outer tail feathers. Bill is black and short.
Black-bellied Plover
Black-bellied Plover: This medium-sized shorebird has black upperparts vividly marked with a white spot on each feather. It has a black face, throat and belly and white forehead and crown that extends over the eye, down the back and sides of the neck. Vent and wing stripe visible in flight. Strong direct flight with powerful rapid wing beats. Feeds on marine worms and insects. Sexes are similar.
American Coot
American Coot: Medium-sized, chicken-like swimming bird, dark gray to black overall, short, white bill and undertail coverts. Toes are lobed, not webbed. Upper edge of frontal shield is red, but usually only visible at close range. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats, feet protrude past tail.
Least Bittern
Least Bittern: Very small, secretive heron with black cap and back, and white throat and belly. Wings have conspicuous pale brown patches visible in flight. The bill, legs and feet are yellow. Feeds on fish, insects, small amphibians, crustaceans and invertebrates.
American Bittern
American Bittern: Medium, secretive, heron-like wading bird with stout body and neck, and relatively short legs. Upperparts are streaked brown and buff and underparts are white with brown streaks. Throat is white with black slashes on sides of neck. Strong direct flight with deep rapid wing beats.
Green Heron
Green Heron: This small heron has gray-green upperparts, chestnut brown head, neck, and upper breast, and a paler brown belly. It has a green-black cap with a small crest and a white throat. The neck has a white central stripe. The bill is two-toned with a dark upper mandible and yellow lower. During the breeding season bill is black. It is an opportunistic feeder with fish as the primary food source. Direct flight. Sexes are similar.
Broad-winged Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk: Medium hawk, dark brown, mottled upperparts and brown-barred, white underparts. Pale underwings with black margins visible in flight. Tail is dark banded. Feeds on amphibians, reptiles, small mammals and birds, large insects. Flap-and-glide flight, soars on thermals and updrafts.
Red-shouldered Hawk
Red-shouldered Hawk: Large hawk with brown upperparts and head. Underparts are white with rust-red barring. The wings are finely barred above with red-brown shoulders and pale below with red-brown wash and dark tips. Tail is dark with thick white bands.
Osprey
Osprey: This large raptor has dark brown upperparts, white underparts, faint breast band, small white head with dark crown, eye stripe and bill, gray legs and feet. Wings held at a distinct angle in flight, under wing showing barred flight feathers and diagnostic dark patches on the fore wing. Soars on thermals, deep slow wing beats alternating with glides. Feeds mainly on fish. Sexes similar.
Ferruginous Hawk
Ferruginous Hawk: Large hawk, white head, streaked, rust-brown shoulders, back, and feathered legs. Underparts have scattered rufous streaks. Gray-brown wings. Tail is white with rust-brown wash. Dark morph is red-brown with white flight feathers. Alternates deep flaps and glides, soars on thermals.
Great Blue Heron
Great Blue Heron: This large heron has a blue-gray back, black sides and a gray-and-white striped belly. The long neck is gray with a black-bordered white throat stripe. The head has a white face, cap and black crest. The upper mandible is dark and the lower is yellow. It mainly feeds on small fish but will take a variety of foods. It has a direct flight on steady wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Whiskered Screech-Owl
Whiskered Screech-Owl: Small owl with distinct ear tufts, gray and brown mottled upperparts, and brown-streaked, white-barred underparts. It is named for its facial whiskers, which are longer and denser than in other screech owls. Eyes are yellow. Flight is mothlike with rapid, silent wing beats.
Western Screech-Owl
Western Screech-Owl: Small owl (kennicotti), distinct ear tufts, brown- or gray-mottled upperparts, white shoulder spots, streaked, barred underparts. Lightly mottled facial disk, has prominent dark rim. Yellow eyes, dark gray bill. Until recently considered the same species as Eastern Screech-Owl.
Short-eared Owl
Short-eared Owl: Medium owl, light and dark brown mottled upperparts and dark-streaked, pale buff underparts. Head has large, round, pale buff facial disk with fine, brown tinges, black around eyes, and small ear tufts. Eyes are yellow and bill is black. Flight is erratic with flopping wing beats.
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl
Ferruginous Pygmy Owl: Small owl, plain brown upperparts, white underparts with thick, brown streaks. Round head has stripes and no ear tufts. Nape has two conspicuous black patches outlined in white. Tail is long and rufous with dark brown bars. Flight is rapid and direct with unmuffled wing beats.
Great Egret
Great Egret: This large white heron has yellow eyes and a bill that is also yellow but appears orange when breeding, black legs and feet, and long feather plumes that extend from the back to beyond the tail during breeding season. Feeds on fish, frogs, insects, snakes and crayfish. It has a buoyant direct flight on steady wing beats. Sexes are similar in appearance, but males are slightly larger.
Northern Harrier
Northern Harrier: This large hawk has gray upperparts, white rump, and white underparts with spotted breast. It has a dark hooked bill with a yellow base, yellow eyes, legs and feet. Long wings are gray above and white below with black tips. Females are brown above with varying degrees of brown and buff streaking below. Feeds mainly on small mammals. Alternates several deep wing beats with glides.
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron: This is a medium-sized, stocky heron with short neck and legs, black upperparts, gray wings and white to pale gray underparts. It has a stout black bill, red eyes and yellow legs. It feeds on small invertebrates, crustaceans, vertebrates, mammals, the eggs and the young of other birds and, plants. It has a direct flight with slow steady wing beats. The sexes are similar.
Whooping Crane
Whooping Crane: Adults are nearly all white except for red crown, black mask, and black primary feathers most visible in flight. The juvenile has rust-brown head and upper neck, and brown wash over mostly white body. Very rare bird; near extinction. Feeds on frogs, fish, mollusks, small mammals and crustaceans, grain and roots of water plants. Direct flight; slow downward wing beat and a powerful flick on the upbeat.
Sandhill Crane
Sandhill Crane: This large wading bird has a gray body, white cheeks, chin, and upper throat, and a bright red cap. It has a dark bill, yellow eyes and black legs and feet. It has a direct steady flight on heavy and labored wing beats, with a slow down stroke and a rapid and jerky upstroke. Flies in V or straight line formations. Diet is heavy in seeds and cultivated grains. Sexes are similar.
Wood Stork
Wood Stork: Large, odd wading bird, mostly white except for black flight feathers and tail. Upper neck and head are featherless and dark gray. The bill is thick, long, and curved downward. Legs and feet are gray black. Alternates between strong wing beats and gliding. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron: Medium-sized, stocky heron with gray body and brown-and-white mottled wings. Face is black and white; crown is pale yellow and sweeps back as a plume. Eyes are large and red. Bill is heavy and black. Legs and feet are yellow. Direct flight with steady, deep wing beats.
Brown Pelican
Brown Pelican: Large, unmistakable seabird, gray-brown body, dark brown, pale yellow head and neck, oversized bill. Black legs, webbed feet. Feeds on fish by plunge diving and scooping them up with pouch. Powerful flight alternates flaps with short glides. Flies close to the water in straight line.
Peregrine Falcon
Peregrine Falcon: This medium-sized falcon has blue-gray upperparts and heavily barred sides, belly and leggings. The breast may vary from white to spotted and barred. It has a black hood and sideburns, yellow fleshy eye ring, and yellow legs and feet. Feeds primarily on birds, which it takes in midair. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes look alike, but the female is a little bigger.
Merlin
Merlin: This small falcon has blue-gray upperparts, white to pale brown underparts with dark streaks, white throat, eye ring, and eyebrow, dark gray bill, brown or black barred tail with white tips. Pacific race is dark gray. Prairie race is light gray. Taiga race is a mixture. Females of all races are duller. Diet includes mostly small birds. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Tricolored Heron
Tricolored Heron: Medium heron, blue-gray upperparts, head, neck, wings, paler rump, white stripe on foreneck, white belly. Also has white plumes on back of head and rust-brown plumes on lower neck, back during the breeding season. Bill and legs are olive-brown. Direct flight on steady wing beats.
Swainson's Hawk
Swainson's Hawk: Large hawk, dark brown upperparts, white throat, rufous upper breast, pale buff underparts. Tail is gray with faint bars, dark terminal band, and white trailing edge. Yellow legs, feet. Alternates series of powerful deep wing beats with long glides. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Sharp-shinned Hawk: Small hawk with blue-gray upperparts and rufous bars on white underparts. Eyes are dark red. Wings are short and rounded. Tail is long and squared with heavy bars. Legs and feet are yellow. Flight consists of rapid wing beats followed by a short glide. Often soars on thermals.
Red-tailed Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk: Large, highly variable hawk with brown upperparts, head and throat. The underparts are pale with brown streaks. Wings are pale below with dark bar at leading edge and dark tips. The tail is red-brown with dark terminal band. Legs and feet are yellow. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Cattle Egret
Cattle Egret: Small, stocky egret with a white body and pale orange-brown patches on the head, neck and back. The eyes, bill and legs are orange. This is the only white egret with both a yellow bill and yellow legs. It feeds primarily on insects. It has a direct flight on quick steady wing beats. The sexes are similar.
Snowy Egret
Snowy Egret: This is a medium-sized, totally white egret with a long slender black bill and yellow lores. The eyes are yellow, the legs are black, and the feet are bright yellow. The head, neck and back have long lacy plumes during breeding season. The diet varies but includes crustaceans, insects and fish. Buoyant flight with steady fast wing beats. The sexes are similar.
Reddish Egret
Reddish Egret: Medium egret with blue-gray body and shaggy, pale rufous head and neck. Bill is pink with dark tip. Legs are blue-gray. White morph has all-white plumage, black-tipped pink bill, and black legs. Feeds on fish, frogs and crustaceans. Direct flight with buoyant steady wing beats.
Little Blue Heron
Little Blue Heron: This medium-sized, slender heron has a slate-gray body and a purple-blue head and neck. The eyes are yellow and the bill is dark gray with a black tip. The legs and feet are dark. It feeds on small crustaceans, invertebrates and large insects. It has a direct flight with steady quick wing beats. The sexes are similar.
Spotted Sandpiper
Spotted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has olive-brown upperparts, white underparts with bold black spots, white eyebrow, barred tail and dull yellow legs. Wings have white stripes visible in flight. Low direct flight; wings flap in shallow arcs, producing clipped, stiff wing beats on drooping wings. Feeds mainly on small invertebrates such as midges and mayflies. Sexes are similar.
Iceland Gull
Iceland Gull: Large, white gull, pale, pearl-gray back and upper wings. Bill is yellow, red spot at tip of lower mandible. Wing tips sometimes marked with pale to dark gray. White tail; legs and feet are pink. Direct flight with strong deep wing beats. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Herring Gull
Herring Gull: This large gull has a pale gray back, black-tipped wings, a white head, neck, breast, tail and underparts. The bill is yellow with a red spot near the tip; legs are pink. Diet includes marine invertebrates, fish and insects. It has a strong steady flight with deep wing beats and soars on thermals and updrafts. The males are larger than females; the sexes have similar plumage.
Heermann's Gull
Heermann's Gull: Medium-sized gull with gray underparts and dark gray upperparts. Head is white and bill is bright red with black tip. Tail is black and edged with white. Legs and feet are black. Dives into ocean to catch fish. Also steals and scavenges. Flight is bouyant and direct.
Laysan Albatross
Laysan Albatross: Large seabird with dark brown back, white head, neck and rump, dark eye patch. Bill is thick and yellow with gray hooked tip. Wings dark brown above and white below, with irregular brown-black borders, dark brown-black with white coverts, and pink legs and feet. Feeds on fish and invertebrates. Dynamic soaring, stays aloft for hours with little flapping of wings. Sexes similar.
Red-necked Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper has a brown-striped dark gray back, mottled gray breast, white throat and belly, gray head, nape, and flanks, rust-brown neck and upper breast and a thin black bill. Females are larger and more brightly colored than males. Diet includes insects and crustaceans. Flight is swift and swallow like, with rapid wing beats, quick movements and turns.
Red Knot
Red Knot: This medium-sized sandpiper has black, brown and gray scaled upperparts, a red-brown face, neck, breast and sides, and a white lower belly. It has a slightly curved black bill. The wings show white bars in flight. Diet includes insects, larvae, mollusks and crabs. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Long-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher: This large, stocky sandpiper has dark, mottled upperparts, dark cap and eye stripe, short white eyebrow, and red-brown underparts with lightly barred flanks. The bill is long, dark and dagger-like, and the legs and feet are yellow-green. It feeds on insects and insect larvae, mollusks, crustaceans and marine worms. Swift direct flight, rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Franklin's Gull
Franklin's Gull: This medium-sized gull has a gray back and white underparts. It has a black head, white eye ring, orange bill with a black spot near the tip, and red-orange legs. The wings are short with white spotted black tips. It has a strong direct flight with deep wing beats. It feeds mostly on terrestrial and aquatic insects. The sexes are similar; males are slightly larger.
Upland Sandpiper
Upland Sandpiper: Large bird, dark-spotted, brown upperparts, black rump. White chin, neck, throat. Breast and sides streaked with dark chevrons, white belly. Dark cap, white eye-rings. Bill is thin, olive-brown, decurved at tip. Wedge-shaped tail has dark center and barred edges visible in flight.
Willow Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher: Small flycatcher, brown-olive upperparts, white throat contrasting with paler breast, white to pale yellow belly and faint white eye ring. Dark wings with two white bars. Feeds on insects, spiders, berries. Weak fluttering flight with shallow rapid wing beats.
White-winged Scoter
White-winged Scoter: Medium sea duck, mostly black except for white eye patches, large white wing patches. Bill is orange with large black basal knob. Red-orange legs, feet. Dives to 40 feet, feeds primarily on shellfish. Direct flight with steady wing beats. Flies in straight line or V formation.
Steller's Sea-Eagle
Steller's Sea-Eagle: Large eagle, mostly black except for white forehead, shoulders, rump, lower belly, and leg feathers. Bill is large, heavy, and orange. Legs and feet are yellow. Tail is long, white, and wedge-shaped. Rare visitor to Alaska. Alternates deep wing beats with short to long glides.
Bonaparte's Gull
Bonaparte's Gull: This is a medium-sized gull with a black head and bill, gray back and wings and white underparts and tail. White outer primaries with black trailing edges are visible in flight. The legs are red-orange. It catches fish by wading and diving. It has a light and direct flight with rapid wing beats. It feeds mainly on insects, which it catches in mid-flight. The sexes are similar.
Black-legged Kittiwake
Black-legged Kittiwake: This is a medium-sized white gull with pale gray back and upperwings and black wing tips. The bill is yellow and the legs and feet are black. It has a swift, graceful flight, alternating several rapid shallow wing beats with a glide. Hovers over water before diving for prey at the surface. It feeds on marine invertebrates, plankton and fish. The sexes look very similar.
Black-footed Albatross
Black-footed Albatross: This large seabird has long wings, a gray-brown body, a white ring around the face at the base of the bill and pale gray upper tail coverts. Most have dark under tail coverts, some have a white under tail and belly. Highly-variable seasonal plumage. Most frequently sighted off the Pacific Coast of North America. Dynamic soaring. Glides for hours. Feeds mainly on squid and fish. Sexes are similar.
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull: Medium-sized gull with dark gray back and wings. Head, neck and underparts are white. Rump and tail are white. Bill is yellow with red spot near tip. The wings have dark tips with white spots; legs and feet are yellow. Eyes are yellow with red orbital rings.
Laughing Gull
Laughing Gull: This medium-sized gull has a gray back, white underparts and neck, a black hood and red bill. The wings are gray and white-edged, and black at the tips; tail is white. The legs and feet are black. Diet includes insects, fish, shellfish and crabs. It has a slow flight with deep wing beats and soars on updrafts. It is named for its laughter-like call. Sexes are similar.
Great-tailed Grackle
Great-tailed Grackle: Large blackbird, iridescent black body and purple sheen. Yellow eyes. Long, keeled tail. Walks on ground, wades in water to forage. Eats snails, insects, frogs, shrimp, small fish and birds, eggs and young of other birds, fruits, berries, seeds and grains. Strong direct flight.
Lesser Nighthawk
Lesser Nighthawk: Medium-sized nightjar with gray and white mottled upperparts, white throat, and brown and white mottled underparts with dark belly bars. Wings are dark with conspicuous pale patches visible in flight. Tail is dark brown and has thin white bars across top. Darting erratic flight.
Thayer's Gull
Thayer's Gull: Large gull, gray upperparts, white head, tail, underparts. Bill is yellow with red spot near the end of the lower mandible. Wings are gray with white-spotted, dark gray tips. Legs are dark pink. Direct flight, strong, steady wing beats, soars on thermals or updrafts.
Rusty Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird: Medium blackbird, black overall with a dull, blue-green sheen, yellow eyes. Forages on ground of wet woodlands and fields, wades in marshes or small pools of water. Feeds on insects, caterpillars, snails, crustaceans, small fish, salamanders, fruits, grains and seeds.
Little Gull
Little Gull: The smallest of all gulls, with pale gray upperparts and white nape, neck, breast, belly, and tail. Hood is black and extends onto upper neck. Underwings are dark. Bill is dark red with black tip. Legs and feet are red-orange. Strong direct flight with deep wing beats.
Common Grackle
Common Grackle: Medium-sized blackbird with metallic purple sheen on back, head, neck, and breast. Eyes are bright yellow. Central feathers of long, rounded tail are often lowered to show keeled V-shape. Swift, strong direct flight with rapid wing beats, holds tail folded in a V shape while flying.
Spotted Redshank
Spotted Redshank: Large sandpiper, mostly black body in summer except for white rump, white spots on wings, barred tail. Bill is red with black tip. Legs and feet are dark red. Winter bird (shown) has gray upperparts and white underparts. Feeds and forages on land or in shallow water by probing in mud, and sweeping bill back and forth. Swift direct flight when flushed.
White-capped Albatross
White-capped Albatross: Large seabird with white body and gray back. The bill is gray with a yellow tip and base. Underwing is white with diagnostic narrow black margin. Tail is gray. Legs and feet are pink. Soaring flight on stiff, slightly drooped wings. Often interuppted with several slow deep wing beats. Formerly Shy Albatross. Split by the American Ornithologist Union in 2014 into the White-capped Albatross, Salvin's Albatross and Chatham Albatross. Both the Salvin's and Chatham are out of the North American range."
Short-tailed Albatross
Short-tailed Albatross: Largest and only white-bodied albatross in the North Pacific. The head and nape have a golden-yellow cast, white wings have black edges and tips, and the tail is white with black fringe. Legs and feet are pink-gray. Feeds mainly on squid, but also eats fish and crustaceans. Dynamic soaring, glides for hours. Sexes are similar. Almost became extinct in the late 19th century.
Whimbrel
Whimbrel: This large long-legged sandpiper has brown and white mottled upperparts and buff underparts with faint streaks on sides and flanks. It has a white-striped black crown. Neck is long and streaked; long black decurved bill, blue-gray legs and feet. Tail and rump are brown and black barred. Diet includes insects and worms. Direct flight with strong fast wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Black-headed Gull
Black-headed Gull: Small, white gull with partial hood, white crescents above and below eye, and white-gray back. Red bill. Wings with black tips and black bases of primaries. Sexes similar. Non-breeding adult lacks hood, black mark behind eye, and black tip on bill. Juvenile like winter adult but more black on wing and tail with black tip.
Boat-tailed Grackle
Boat-tailed Grackle: Large, black bird with a very long, keel-shaped tail. Male is iridescent blue-black with yellow or brown eyes. Black bill is slender and long. Legs and feet are gray. Forages walking on ground and wading in water. Strong direct flight with rapidly beating wings.
Wilson's Phalarope
Wilson's Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper has gray-brown upperparts, red-brown streaks on back and shoulders, red-brown markings on white underparts, gray crown, white face, black eye-line, a black needle-like bill, gray wings and a white tail and rump. Female is brighter; paler crown and grayer upperparts. Feeds on crane flies and brine shrimp. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Black Scoter
Black Scoter: Medium diving duck, entirely black except for yellow knob at base of black bill. Legs and feet are black. The male is the only all black duck in North America. Dives for food, primarily eats mollusks. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats. Flies in straight line and V formation.
Horned Puffin
Horned Puffin: Medium puffin with black upperparts, white underparts. White face with a black, fleshy horn above eye extending to top of head. Bill is triangular and massive during summer, when it is bright yellow with orange tip. Strong direct flight on rapid wing beats, often high over the water.
Cassin's Auklet
Cassin's Auklet: Small seabird with slate-gray upperparts, pale gray underparts, white belly. Pale yellow eyes with a white crescent patch above them. Short black bill has white spot at base of lower mandible that is visible at close range. Short tail and rounded wings. Rapid direct flight.
Tufted Puffin
Tufted Puffin: Medium-sized seabird, black overall except for white face and glossy yellow plumes behind eyes. Large bill, mostly bright red with yellow and sometimes green markings. Legs and feet are bright orange. Feeds on fish, crustaceans, mollusks, squid and algae. Strong direct flight.
Short-billed Dowitcher
Short-billed Dowitcher: This large sandpiper has mottled gray, black, brown and red-brown upperparts, white rump, red-brown underparts with spots and bars, a long, straight dark bill and long, dark yellow-green legs. East and west coast birds are heavier barred and spotted, paler underparts and often show white bellies. Diet includes insects and crustaceans. Strong direct flight. Sexes similar.
Ancient Murrelet
Ancient Murrelet: Small, pelagic seabird with black head and dark gray back and wings. White underparts extend up onto the face as a cheek patch. Bill is short and yellow with a blackish tip. An open ocean species vaguely resembling a small penguin that can fly. Swift, direct, and low flight.
Greater Yellowlegs
Greater Yellowlegs: This large sandpiper has mottled brown, gray and white upperparts. The underparts are white with dark streaks and spots. The bill is slightly upturned and the legs are long and yellow. Its long barred tail and white rump are conspicuous in flight. It feeds on insects, insect larvae and small fish. It has a swift direct flight, sometimes at great heights. Sexes are similar.
Marbled Godwit
Marbled Godwit: This large sandpiper has black-marked, dark brown upperparts, and lightly barred, chestnut-brown underparts. It has a long pink bill with a black tip that is slightly upcurved. Its pale brown under wings are visible in flight. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, worms, insects, seeds and berries. It has a swift and direct flight. Sexes similar, but male is smaller with a brighter bill base.
Parakeet Auklet
Parakeet Auklet: Small seabird with black head and upperparts, white underparts, and distinct yellow-white plumes behind eyes. Bill is large, conical, and bright orange-red. Legs and feet are gray. Feeds on small fish, crustaceans and jellyfish. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Violet-crowned Hummingbird
Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with iridescent bronze-green upperparts and white underparts. Cap is purple-blue; throat is white and lacks gorget feathers. The bill is bright red with black tip. Feeds on nectar and insects. Direct and hovering flight with very rapid wing beats.
Willet
Willet: This large sandpiper has mottled gray-brown upperparts, white rump and lightly streaked and barred white underparts, white tail with dark brown tip, and blue-gray leg. Broad white stripes on black wings are visible in flight. Feeds on mollusks, crustaceans, insects and small fish. Flight is short and low, alternating rapid wing beats with glides. Sexes are similar.
Western Sandpiper
Western Sandpiper: This small sandpiper has chestnut-brown, scaled upperparts, white underparts dotted with rows of dark chevrons, streaked head with brown wash on face, dark bill with decurved tip, thin white stripes visible on dark wings in flight, black legs and feet, and partial webbing between toes. Eats mostly flies and beetles. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.
Western Wood-Pewee
Western Wood-Pewee: Medium-sized flycatcher with dull olive-gray upperparts and pale olive-gray underparts. Head has darker cap and slight crest. The wings are dark with two white bars. Feeds on insects, spiders and berries. Quiet and solitary. Weak fluttering flight with shallow rapid wing beats.
Least Auklet
Least Auklet: Very small seabird with black upperparts, small white plumes behind eyes, and black-mottled white underparts. Throat is white. Bill is short and red with a white tip. The legs and feet are gray. Feeds on zooplankton and crustaceans. Swift and direct flight low over the water.
Chimney Swift
Chimney Swift: Medium-sized swift, uniformly dark brown with slightly paler throat and upper breast. Inconspicuous spines extend past web at tips of tail feathers. Bill, legs and feet are black. Flight is rapid and batlike on swept-back wings, alternates with gliding. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Vaux's Swift
Vaux's Swift: Small swift, gray-brown body, sometimes highlighted by slight green iridescence. Rump is pale brown, throat and breast are nearly white. Bill, legs, feet are gray-black. Flight is low and fast, alternates bursts of quick fluttery wing beats with short glides. Catches insects in flight.
Black-necked Stilt
Black-necked Stilt: Large shorebird with sharply contrasting black upperparts and white underparts. Long, thin, upcurved bill. Red eyes with white eye-rings, and white patch above. Legs are extremely long and red-pink. Feeds on insects, fish, worms, small crustaceans and seeds. Swift direct flight.
Long-billed Curlew
Long-billed Curlew: Very large sandpiper with brown mottled upperparts, buff-brown underparts with dark streaks and spots. Bill is very long, decurved. Cinnamon-brown underwings visible in flight. Feeds by probing mud with bill or dunking head under water. Direct flight, steady, strong wing beats.
Eared Grebe
Eared Grebe: This small grebe has black upperparts, dark chestnut-brown flanks and white underparts. The head and neck are black. There are orange feathers on the face, the eyes are red, and the legs and feet are black. It feeds on aquatic insects and crustaceans. It has a direct flight with rapid wing beats. The sexes are similar in appearance.
Brant
Brant: This small goose has dark brown upperparts and brown-barred, pale gray underparts. The head is black, and the short black neck has a partial white ring. The tail and vent are white. It has a heavy direct flight with strong wing beats. It flies in a straight line formation. It feeds on green plants including eel grass and sea lettuce. The sexes are similar.
Whooper Swan
Whooper Swan: Large, white swan with black and yellow bill; broad, yellow patch covers at least half of the upper mandible. Black legs and feet. Feeds by dipping head and neck in water. Eats invertebrates and aquatic plants. Strong direct flight with deep and steady wing beats. Flies in V formation.
Tundra Swan
Tundra Swan: This small swan is completely snowy white. Its head and neck is often stained rust-brown from ferrous minerals in marsh soils. It has a black bill with a yellow spot at the base and black legs and feet. Diet includes aquatic vegetation and grass. Strong direct flight on steady wing beats. Flies in straight line or V formation. Most common swan in North America. Sexes are similar.
Trumpeter Swan
Trumpeter Swan: Largest swan in the world, completely white but with head and neck often stained rust-brown from contact with ferrous minerals in wetland soils. Bill, legs, and feet are black. Feeds on aquatic plants. Strong direct flight on steady wing beats. Flies in straight line or V formation.
Clark's Grebe
Clark's Grebe: Large grebe, gray-black upperparts, white underparts, and slender neck with white on front and black on back. White face, black cap extends nearly to red eyes. Bill is yellow-orange. Until the 1980's thought to be a pale morph of the Western Grebe. Direct flight on rapid wing beats.
Long-billed Murrelet
Long-billed Murrelet: Small seabird with dark brown upperparts and darker brown barring, paler throat and white eye-ring. Underparts are lighter brown with brown barring. Straight black bill. Legs and feet are brown. Strong fast direct flight, often close to the water on rapid wing beats.
Crested Auklet
Crested Auklet: Small, oddly attired seabird of Arctic waters with dark gray body. Head has a strange, smiling orange bill, quail-like crest, bright yellow-white eyes and white eye plumes. Legs and feet are gray. Feeds on zooplankton, crustaceans, squid and fish. Swift, low, direct flight.
Craveri's Murrelet
Craveri's Murrelet: Small, plump seabird, reminiscent of a small, flying penguin. with black upperparts that extend as a bar onto the side of upper breast, distinct white crescents above and below eyes, white underparts, and dark gray underwing linings. Feeds on crustaceans and small fish.
Rhinoceros Auklet
Rhinoceros Auklet: Medium-sized seabird with black upperparts, dark gray underparts, and white belly. Eyes have long white plumes above and below. Bill is yellow with pale horn. Legs and feet are gray. Swims and dives for crustaceans and small fish. Fast direct flight with rapid wing beats.
American White Pelican
American White Pelican: Huge, white seabird, enormous outstretched wings show black primaries, outer secondaries in flight. Bill, legs are bright orange, upper bill develops a fibrous keel during breeding season. Slow, deep wing beats. Soars high on thermals. Flies in straight line or V formation.
Scripps's Murrelet
Scripps’s Murrelet: Medium-sized Murrelet with black upperparts and white cheeks, throat, underparts, and underwing coverts. Bill is dark and thin. Eyes are brown with broken white eye-rings. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on small crustaceans and fish. Swift direct low flight with rapid wing beats. Xantus's Murrelet was split in 2007 by the AOU into the Guadalupe Murrelet and Scripp's Murrelet.
Thick-billed Murre
Thick-billed Murre: Medium-sized seabird with black upperparts, head and neck, and white underparts. A thin, white stripe extends from bill to cheek. The bill is short and black. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on fish, marine worms, crustaceans and squid. Strong swift flight low over water.